1. Serverless AI Application Backend using Amazon RDS


    To create a Serverless AI application backend using Amazon RDS (Relational Database Service), you would usually start with provisioning an Amazon RDS instance that is compatible with the serverless model. Amazon RDS currently supports serverless through its Aurora Serverless product, which automatically starts up, shuts down, and scales the database capacity based on your application's needs.

    Below is a Pulumi program written in Python that sets up a serverless backend for an AI application using AWS services. It defines an Amazon Aurora Serverless database cluster and an AWS Lambda function which might be used to implement AI functionalities using machine learning libraries.

    Key components included in the program are:

    1. AWS RDS: A serverless RDS Aurora database is provisioned. It's a configuration that can scale automatically and is suitable for workloads that are intermittent or unpredictable.

    2. AWS Lambda: A serverless compute service that lets you run code without provisioning or managing servers. This is what you'd typically use to host your AI application logic.

    3. IAM Role and Policy: Permissions for AWS Lambda to access other AWS services, like RDS Aurora.

    Here is the Pulumi program detailing the setup of these components:

    import pulumi import pulumi_aws as aws # Create an Amazon Aurora Serverless DB cluster. # For more information on aws.rds.Cluster: https://www.pulumi.com/registry/packages/aws/api-docs/rds/cluster/ aurora_cluster = aws.rds.Cluster("aurora-cluster", engine="aurora", engine_mode="serverless", master_username="yourusername", # Replace with desired username master_password="yourpassword", # Replace with desired password (consider using Pulumi's config and secrets for this) skip_final_snapshot=True, db_subnet_group_name=aws.rds.SubnetGroup("aurora-db-subnet-group", subnet_ids=[ "subnet-1", # List of subnet IDs for the DB in different AZs "subnet-2", # add more subnets as needed ], ).id, ) # Create an IAM Role for Lambda function, with necessary permissions policies. # For more information on aws.iam.Role: https://www.pulumi.com/registry/packages/aws/api-docs/iam/role/ lambda_execution_role = aws.iam.Role("lambda-execution-role", assume_role_policy="""{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [{ "Action": "sts:AssumeRole", "Effect": "Allow", "Principal": { "Service": "lambda.amazonaws.com" } }] }""" ) # Attach the AWS managed policy for accessing RDS to the Lambda role. # For more information on aws.iam.RolePolicyAttachment: https://www.pulumi.com/registry/packages/aws/api-docs/iam/rolepolicyattachment/ aws.iam.RolePolicyAttachment("lambda-rds-policy-attachment", role=lambda_execution_role, policy_arn="arn:aws:iam::aws:policy/AmazonRDSDataFullAccess" ) # Create a Lambda function to serve as the backend of your AI application. # For more information on aws.lambda_.Function: https://www.pulumi.com/registry/packages/aws/api-docs/lambda/function/ lambda_function = aws.lambda_.Function("ai-lambda-function", runtime=aws.lambda_.Runtime.PYTHON_3_8, handler="index.handler", # Assumes your entry point is defined in 'index.py' as a function 'handler' role=lambda_execution_role.arn, code=pulumi.FileArchive("./lambda") # Replace with path to your Lambda function code ) # The output that will display the DB endpoint after pulumi up. pulumi.export("aurora_cluster_endpoint", aurora_cluster.endpoint)

    In this program:

    • An Aurora Serverless cluster aurora-cluster is defined. The engine_mode is set to "serverless", which tells AWS to create a serverless database instance.
    • A subnet group aws.rds.SubnetGroup is defined. Amazon Aurora Serverless requires a DB subnet group with subnets in multiple Availability Zones in the region where the DB cluster is created.
    • An IAM role lambda-execution-role is created to authorize the Lambda function to assume the role and access other AWS services.
    • The IAM role is given the "AmazonRDSDataFullAccess" policy so that the Lambda function can interact with RDS.
    • A Lambda function ai-lambda-function is defined and is given a runtime and handler, as well as the necessary Role for execution. The code parameter points to the location of a zip file containing the Lambda function code.

    Be sure to replace "yourusername" and "yourpassword" with your desired database username and password, and to place your Lambda code in a directory named lambda relative to your Pulumi program. Note that sensitive data such as usernames, passwords, and IAM policies should ideally be managed using configuration and secret management systems.

    This is a foundational serverless backend that can support an AI application. Depending on your specific application and AI needs, you would deploy additional resources and services, potentially including machine learning model endpoints through AWS SageMaker, Amazon S3 for storage, Amazon API Gateway for HTTP endpoints, and more.

    With this basic infrastructure in place, your AI backend can automatically scale in response to demand while providing the compute resources needed for AI workloads. Remember to use IAM roles judiciously to ensure that the principle of least privilege is followed, granting only the permissions necessary for each component.