1. Continuous AI Model Deployment Pipelines with EKS


    Deploying a continuous AI model deployment pipeline using Amazon EKS (Elastic Kubernetes Service) involves several steps, including setting up the Kubernetes cluster, configuring the deployment pipeline, and managing container images. Pulumi's infrastructure-as-code approach allows you to define and manage this entire process in code, which enhances reproducibility and scalability.

    Here's how one might use Pulumi to create Continuous AI Model Deployment Pipelines with Amazon EKS:

    1. EKS Cluster: You will need an EKS cluster to run your containerized AI models. The pulumi_eks package provides a high-level component that simplifies EKS cluster creation and configuration. It automatically sets up the VPC, subnets, and node groups required to run a Kubernetes cluster in AWS.

    2. IAM Role: For the EKS cluster to interact with other AWS services, you'll need to set up an IAM role with the necessary permissions. The aws_iam package can create this role and attach the required policies.

    3. ECR Repository: Amazon Elastic Container Registry (ECR) will be used to store your Docker images. Using pulumi_aws, you can create an ECR repository to hold your AI model images.

    4. CI/CD Pipeline: Continuously integrating and deploying your models can be handled by AWS services like CodePipeline, CodeBuild, or external services like Jenkins or GitLab CI. This step will be reflected in the setup of the deploy script or CI/CD configuration, and Pulumi can define the necessary resources if they are AWS-based.

    5. Kubernetes Deployment: Once the EKS cluster is up and running, you will use Kubernetes resources like Deployments, Services, and Ingress to deploy your AI models. You can define these resources in Pulumi using the pulumi_kubernetes package.

    In the following Pulumi program, we're going to set up the EKS cluster, create an IAM role for the cluster, and set up the ECR repository where the AI models will be stored as Docker images. For the CI/CD pipeline and the Kubernetes resource configurations, you will typically use configuration files in your CI/CD platform and kubectl configurations in conjunction with Pulumi.

    import pulumi import pulumi_aws as aws import pulumi_eks as eks import pulumi_aws_iam as aws_iam # Create an EKS cluster. # This creates the necessary infrastructure to run a Kubernetes cluster, including the worker nodes. # More details at: https://www.pulumi.com/registry/packages/eks/api-docs/cluster/ eks_cluster = eks.Cluster('ai-model-pipeline-cluster') # Create an IAM role that can be used by the EKS cluster's worker nodes. # Amazon EKS requires specific IAM permissions for worker nodes to join the cluster and function correctly. # More details at: https://www.pulumi.com/registry/packages/aws/api-docs/iam/role/ role = aws_iam.Role('eks-cluster-role', assume_role_policy="""{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [{ "Effect": "Allow", "Principal": {"Service": "ec2.amazonaws.com"}, "Action": "sts:AssumeRole" }] }""" ) # Attach the Amazon EKS worker node policy to the role. policy_attachment = aws_iam.RolePolicyAttachment('eks-worker-policy-attachment', policy_arn='arn:aws:iam::aws:policy/AmazonEKSWorkerNodePolicy', role=role.name ) # Attach the Amazon EC2 container registry policy to the role which allows worker nodes to pull images. ecr_policy_attachment = aws_iam.RolePolicyAttachment('ecr-policy-attachment', policy_arn='arn:aws:iam::aws:policy/AmazonEC2ContainerRegistryReadOnly', role=role.name ) # Create an ECR repository to hold the AI model images. # This will act as the container image registry for storing various versions of your AI models. # More details at: https://www.pulumi.com/registry/packages/aws/api-docs/ecr/repository/ ecr_repo = aws.ecr.Repository('ai-model-repo') # Export the URLs and identifiers necessary to interact with our infrastructure. pulumi.export('eks-cluster-name', eks_cluster.eks_cluster.name) pulumi.export('eks-kubeconfig', eks_cluster.kubeconfig) pulumi.export('ecr-repo-url', ecr_repo.repository_url)

    This Pulumi program defines an EKS cluster, an IAM role, and an ECR repository. When this code is executed via Pulumi, it will create these resources in AWS:

    • The eks.Cluster is a high-level component that sets up an EKS cluster with all necessary configurations, making it ready to accept and manage Kubernetes workloads.
    • The aws_iam.Role is created so that the EKS worker nodes have the permissions they need to function properly within AWS.
    • The aws_ecr.Repository sets up a private Docker image repository where you will push the AI model images that will be deployed onto the EKS cluster.

    You would then use Pulumi's kubeconfig output to configure kubectl to interact with your EKS cluster and manage Kubernetes resources, including deployments for your AI models.

    Additionally, setting up the full CI/CD pipeline for your AI model deployments would likely involve writing some scripts or configurations for your chosen CI/CD tools, as well as defining other AWS resources like CodeBuild projects, CodePipeline pipelines, or integrating with external tools using Pulumi resource definitions, if applicable. However, these details are often specific to your chosen CI/CD platform and workflow.

    With Pulumi, you have a robust groundwork to manage and deploy a continuous AI model deployment pipeline, providing the ability to version control your infrastructure and maintain consistency across environments.