1. Deploy the mapserver helm chart on Digital Ocean Kubernetes Service


    Deploying a Helm chart on a Kubernetes cluster involves several steps:

    1. Provision a Kubernetes cluster
    2. Configure Pulumi to connect to the cluster
    3. Use the Helm chart to deploy the application

    For DigitalOcean, Pulumi provides a KubernetesCluster resource that allows you to provision and manage a Kubernetes cluster.

    Once the cluster is up and running, you will need to configure Pulumi to interact with it. This can be achieved using the kubeconfig that the DigitalOcean Kubernetes cluster provides.

    After setting up the Pulumi provider to connect to your Kubernetes cluster, you can proceed to deploy applications using Helm charts. Pulumi's Chart resource from the kubernetes package allows you to deploy a Helm chart within your Pulumi application.

    Below you'll find a Pulumi program written in TypeScript that creates a DigitalOcean Kubernetes cluster and deploys the "mapserver" Helm chart to it. Make sure that you have the Pulumi CLI installed, and you are authenticated with both Pulumi and DigitalOcean. Remember to replace <your_mapserver_chart> with the actual Helm chart for the mapserver that you want to deploy:

    import * as digitalocean from "@pulumi/digitalocean"; import * as kubernetes from "@pulumi/kubernetes"; // Step 1: Provision a Kubernetes cluster on Digital Ocean. const cluster = new digitalocean.KubernetesCluster("do-cluster", { region: digitalocean.Regions.NYC3, // Choose the region that suits you version: "latest", // Use the latest supported Kubernetes version nodePool: { size: digitalocean.DropletSlugs.DOS_2vCPU_4GB, // Size of the nodes (droplet size) nodeCount: 2, // Number of nodes in the pool }, }); // Step 2: Configure the Pulumi provider to connect to the provisioned cluster. const provider = new kubernetes.Provider("do-k8s", { kubeconfig: cluster.kubeConfigs[0].rawConfig, // Fetch kubeconfig from newly created cluster }); // Step 3: Deploy the "mapserver" Helm chart using the Pulumi Kubernetes provider. const mapserverChart = new kubernetes.helm.v3.Chart("mapserver", { chart: "<your_mapserver_chart>", // Replace with your specific mapserver Helm chart values: { // Specify any values you want to override; refer to the chart's `values.yaml` }, }, { provider }); // Ensure the Helm chart is installed using the above cluster. // Export the cluster's kubeconfig and service URLs to access the application export const kubeconfig = cluster.kubeConfigs[0].rawConfig; export const mapserverUrl = mapserverChart.getResourceProperty("v1/Service", "mapserver", "status").apply(status => status.loadBalancer.ingress[0].ip);


    • We start by importing the necessary modules. The digitalocean module will help us create a Digital Ocean Kubernetes Service (DOKS) cluster, and the kubernetes module will help us deploy the Helm chart.

    • We provision a new Kubernetes cluster using digitalocean.KubernetesCluster, where we define the region, version of Kubernetes, and details about the node pool, including droplet size and count.

    • Next, we set up a Pulumi Kubernetes provider to manage resources in the Kubernetes cluster that was just created. We pass in the raw kubeconfig that is output from our DigitalOcean Kubernetes cluster, which allows Pulumi to authenticate and communicate with our cluster.

    • Finally, we use the kubernetes.helm.v3.Chart resource to deploy the mapserver Helm chart. We need to specify the chart's name and any custom values that we want to apply. The exact values and configuration will depend on the specific mapserver Helm chart. We associate the Helm chart with the provider we configured earlier, ensuring that the chart is deployed to the correct Kubernetes cluster.

    • We export the kubeconfig which can be used to interact with the Kubernetes cluster using kubectl or other Kubernetes tooling.

    • Additionally, we export a mapserverUrl that can potentially be used to access the Mapserver application once it is deployed. Here it assumes that the Mapserver Helm chart creates a Service of type LoadBalancer which provides us with an IP to access the service externally. If the actual chart behaves differently, this code may need to be updated to reflect those behaviors.

    Make sure to replace <your_mapserver_chart> with the name or path of the Mapserver Helm chart you wish to use. If your Helm chart has specific configuration parameters that need to be customized, you can set them inside the values object.