1. Deploy the heapster helm chart on Kubernetes


    We will deploy the Heapster Helm chart on a Kubernetes cluster using Pulumi with the Kubernetes provider. The Pulumi Kubernetes provider allows us to manage Kubernetes resources, including deploying Helm charts, using infrastructure as code.

    In this program, we're going to:

    1. Import necessary Pulumi packages - We'll need the @pulumi/kubernetes package to work with Kubernetes resources in Pulumi.
    2. Create a Kubernetes provider instance - The provider instance specifies the configuration to connect to an existing Kubernetes cluster.
    3. Deploy a Helm chart - We will use the Chart class provided by Pulumi's Kubernetes provider to deploy the Heapster Helm chart.

    Before you run this Pulumi program, you need to have a couple of prerequisites in place:

    • Pulumi CLI: Make sure you have Pulumi CLI installed.
    • Kubernetes Cluster: Ensure you have a Kubernetes cluster running and that kubectl is configured to connect to it.
    • Pulumi Stack: The Pulumi program should be run within a Pulumi stack context. If you haven't done it already, create a new stack with pulumi stack init.

    Here's the TypeScript program to deploy Heapster:

    import * as k8s from "@pulumi/kubernetes"; // Create a Kubernetes provider instance using existing configuration from the machine running Pulumi. // This relies on the current context in your Kubeconfig file, which should be set up to connect to // the desired Kubernetes cluster. const provider = new k8s.Provider("k8s-provider", {}); // Deploy the Heapster Helm chart const heapsterChart = new k8s.helm.v3.Chart("heapster", { chart: "heapster", // Replace 'heapster-repo' with the correct Helm chart repository URL or name where the Heapster chart is located. // Also, ensure that you have added the repository to your Helm client with 'helm repo add'. repo: "heapster-repo", // You can specify the namespace where you want to deploy Heapster, if not specified, it uses 'default'. namespace: "monitoring", // If you have specific values you want to override in the Heapster Helm chart, they can be included in the 'values' object. // For example, you might want to set parameters for service type, replica count, or any other configurable option of the chart. values: { // Replace the values based on the Heapster Helm chart's 'values.yaml'. serviceType: "ClusterIP", replicas: 1, // Additional values can be added here. }, }, { provider: provider }); // Export any important URLs or other information // e.g., If Heapster provides a dashboard service, you might want to export its URL export const heapsterDashboardUrl = heapsterChart.getResourceProperty("v1/Service", "heapster-dashboard", "status.loadBalancer.ingress[0].ip");

    How the Program Works:

    • Importing Pulumi Kubernetes package: We begin by importing the @pulumi/kubernetes package which provides necessary classes and functions to interact with Kubernetes resources.

    • Kubernetes Provider: A Kubernetes provider instance is created which tells Pulumi how to communicate with our desired cluster. provider is constructed using the current Kubeconfig context.

    • Heapster Helm Chart: We define a Chart resource named heapster, which represents the Heapster Helm chart. The chart parameter specifies the name of the chart, and repo specifies the Helm chart repository.

    • Namespace: We specify the namespace to deploy Heapster to. If you want to deploy to a different namespace, you need to change the namespace field accordingly.

    • Values: Helm charts allow customization through values that override the chart's defaults. We provide any overrides required in the values object. Check the values.yaml file of the Heapster Helm chart for available options.

    • Exported Values: After the deployment, you may export the endpoint URL or any other related information using export. In this example, we try to export the URL of the Heapster dashboard, assuming the service is named heapster-dashboard and it's exposed via a LoadBalancer. This may differ based on actual implementations of the Heapster Helm chart.

    To run this Pulumi program, save it to a file (e.g., index.ts), run npm install to get the necessary dependencies, and use the pulumi up command to deploy it to your cluster. The program assumes that the Heapster Helm chart is already added to your Helm client's repository list (helm repo add). Make sure to replace 'heapster-repo' with the actual repository name where the Heapster chart is located.

    Please note that Heapster has been deprecated since Kubernetes 1.11, and it's recommended to use Metrics Server as a lighter-weight alternative for most use cases. If you specifically need Heapster, ensure that you source the chart from a maintained repository or your own Helm chart repository.