1. GCP Compute Instance Groups for Distributed AI Training


    To set up a Compute Instance Group on Google Cloud Platform (GCP) for distributed AI training, we would use Pulumi's infrastructure as code (IaC) to declare and manage the resources required for this task. An Instance Group in GCP allows you to manage collections of VM instances that have the same configuration settings. This is useful in distributed AI training scenarios as it allows you to scale resources horizontally and manage them as a single entity.

    Below, you will find a Pulumi program written in Python which sets up a managed instance group in GCP. The program will perform the following tasks:

    1. Create an InstanceTemplate. This is a blueprint for creating individual VM instances within the group with a common configuration.
    2. Create a Managed Instance Group, which uses the instance template to create multiple VM instances for parallel and distributed computation needed in AI training.
    3. Attach the managed instance group to a specific zone, as instance groups can exist in a single zone (Zonal) or across multiple zones (Regional).

    Before we proceed with the code, ensure that you have the Pulumi CLI installed and configured for use with GCP. This typically involves setting up the GCP SDK on your machine and configuring credentials for Pulumi to access your GCP account.

    Now let's write the Pulumi program:

    import pulumi import pulumi_gcp as gcp # Step 1: Create an instance template # This template includes the machine type and image for the VMs. ai_training_instance_template = gcp.compute.InstanceTemplate("aiTrainingInstanceTemplate", description="Template for AI Training instances", machine_type="n1-standard-1", # Choose an appropriate machine type based on your needs. disks=[{ "boot": True, "source_image": "projects/debian-cloud/global/images/family/debian-10" }], network_interfaces=[{ "network": "default", }], # You can add additional configurations such as GPU attachments or custom metadata here. ) # Step 2: Create an instance group manager with the instance template ai_training_instance_group_manager = gcp.compute.InstanceGroupManager("aiTrainingInstanceGroupManager", description="Managed instance group for AI Training", instance_template=ai_training_instance_template.self_link, base_instance_name="ai-training-instance", # Prefix for instance names in the group. zone="us-central1-a", # Replace with the zone of your choice. target_size=3 # Define the number of instances in the managed instance group. ) # Export the instance group manager self_link for reference pulumi.export("instance_group_manager_url", ai_training_instance_group_manager.self_link)

    In the code above, we are using a GCP instance template and a managed instance group manager. You will want to select an appropriate machine type and image for your AI training needs. This setup uses a Debian 10 image, but in a real-world scenario, you would likely choose an image that includes GPU support or pre-installed machine learning libraries.

    After making sure all dependencies are installed and your GCP credentials are properly configured, run pulumi up in the terminal in the directory where this code is located. Pulumi will confirm the resources that will be created and, upon your approval, proceed to provision them in your GCP account.

    Once the instances are running, you can deploy your distributed AI training application to these instances. You can scale the number of instances up or down by simply changing the target_size parameter and running pulumi up again.

    Remember to consider the cost implications of the resources you provision. Always clean up resources when they are no longer needed to avoid unnecessary charges by running pulumi destroy.