1. Low-Latency Feature Store for ML on Elasticache Redis


    To create a low-latency feature store for machine learning (ML) on AWS, you can use Amazon ElastiCache with Redis as an in-memory data store. Redis offers fast read and write operations, making it suitable for scenarios where low latency is essential, such as feature stores in machine learning workloads.

    In the program provided below, we'll use Pulumi with the AWS provider to provision an ElastiCache Redis cluster that will serve as our feature store. We'll configure the cluster with the necessary parameters such as node type and engine version to ensure that it's optimized for speed and performance.

    Here is a step-by-step Pulumi program in Python to create an AWS ElastiCache Redis cluster:

    1. Import the required Pulumi modules.
    2. Create an ElastiCache cluster with Redis as the engine.
    3. Configure security group and subnet group to control access to the cluster.
    4. Export the endpoint address of the Redis cluster so that it can be used by your ML application.
    import pulumi import pulumi_aws as aws # Create a VPC to host our ElastiCache cluster. This provides an isolated network environment. vpc = aws.ec2.Vpc("vpc", cidr_block="") # Create subnet groups. ElastiCache requires at least two subnets in different availability zones for high availability. subnet_group = aws.elasticache.SubnetGroup("subnet-group", subnet_ids=[ aws.ec2.Subnet("subnet-1", vpc_id=vpc.id, cidr_block="", availability_zone="us-west-2a").id, aws.ec2.Subnet("subnet-2", vpc_id=vpc.id, cidr_block="", availability_zone="us-west-2b").id, ]) # Create a security group to control traffic to our ElastiCache cluster. security_group = aws.ec2.SecurityGroup("security-group", description="Allow all inbound traffic to Redis", vpc_id=vpc.id, ingress=[ # This is a simplistic example; in production, you'd restrict to necessary ports and sources. aws.ec2.SecurityGroupIngressArgs( protocol="tcp", from_port=6379, # Default Redis port. to_port=6379, cidr_blocks=[""], ), ]) # Provision an ElastiCache cluster with Redis as the engine. redis_cluster = aws.elasticache.Cluster("redis-cluster", engine="redis", node_type="cache.t3.micro", # Choose an appropriate node type for your needs. num_cache_nodes=1, parameter_group_name="default.redis6.x", # Select the correct parameter group for the Redis version. port=6379, subnet_group_name=subnet_group.name, security_group_ids=[security_group.id]) # Export the Redis endpoint address. pulumi.export("redis_endpoint", redis_cluster.cache_nodes.apply(lambda nodes: nodes[0].address))

    This Pulumi program sets up a basic feature store environment for ML applications using AWS ElastiCache with Redis.

    • A VPC (aws.ec2.Vpc) is created to host our ElastiCache cluster in an isolated network.
    • We specify subnet groups (aws.elasticache.SubnetGroup) to ensure that the ElastiCache is provisioned across multiple availability zones within the VPC for fault tolerance and high availability.
    • A security group (aws.ec2.SecurityGroup) is defined to control incoming traffic, allowing access to the Redis port (6379) from any IP. In a real-world scenario, you would restrict the IP range to your application servers or VPC peering connections.
    • We then create the ElastiCache cluster (aws.elasticache.Cluster), specifying Redis as the engine and providing configuration like node type and parameter group.
    • Finally, we export the Redis endpoint, which your ML application will use to interact with the feature store.

    After deploying this Pulumi stack, you will receive the endpoint address of the Redis cluster as an output, which you can then use in your ML applications to read and write feature data. Remember that the provisioning of the ElastiCache cluster will incur AWS costs based on the selected node type and usage.

    Please ensure to configure your ~/.aws/credentials file or set your AWS credentials as environment variables before running this Pulumi program. Also, Pulumi CLI must be installed and configured for use with your desired AWS account and region.