1. Decoupled Data Querying Architecture for LLMs with AWS Athena Workgroup


    To create a decoupled data querying architecture using AWS Athena for large language models (LLMs), you would typically store your data in Amazon S3 and define an Athena database and tables that refer to that data. Then, by creating a workgroup in Athena, you can manage querying configurations and control access to the query environment.

    Here's what each step involves in creating such an architecture using Pulumi and the pulumi_aws library:

    1. Set up an Amazon S3 bucket: This bucket will hold the data you want to query with Athena. It must be organized in a way that Athena can read, typically in a columnar format like Parquet or ORC, but it can also support CSV, JSON, and others.

    2. Create an AWS Athena Workgroup: Workgroups allow you to separate workloads, control access, and manage query execution configurations.

    3. Define an AWS Athena Database: The database in Athena will organize your tables. You can think of it as a namespace within which your tables reside.

    4. Configure AWS Athena Tables: These tables provide the schema definition to map your structured data in S3 to columns and data types that Athena can understand and query.

    To implement this in Pulumi, let's start by defining a Pulumi program in Python:

    import pulumi import pulumi_aws as aws # Create an Amazon S3 bucket to store the data you want to query. data_bucket = aws.s3.Bucket("data-bucket") # Set up AWS Athena Workgroup for managing query execution configurations. # Documentation: https://www.pulumi.com/docs/reference/pkg/aws/athena/workgroup/ athena_workgroup = aws.athena.Workgroup("athena-workgroup", name="llm-data-querying", description="Workgroup for querying LLM data", state="ENABLED", configuration={ "resultConfiguration": { "outputLocation": f"s3://{data_bucket.bucket}/query-results/" }, # Additional configurations like encryption, query result location, etc., can be set here. } ) # Define an AWS Athena Database to organize your tables. # Documentation: https://www.pulumi.com/docs/reference/pkg/aws/athena/database/ athena_database = aws.athena.Database("athena-database", name="llm_data", bucket=data_bucket.bucket, force_destroy=True ) # Export the s3 bucket name and the athena workgroup name so that we know where our resources are. pulumi.export("data_bucket_name", data_bucket.id) pulumi.export("athena_workgroup_name", athena_workgroup.name)

    Here's the breakdown of the code:

    • We first create an S3 bucket where the data files will reside. Athena will query the data stored in this bucket.
    • We then create an Athena workgroup with a defined configuration, including the output location for the query results, which is structured as an S3 path.
    • Next, we define an Athena database named llm_data, specifying the S3 bucket we created earlier as the location of the data and set force_destroy to True which ensures that the database and its data can be deleted when we destroy the Pulumi stack.
    • Lastly, we export the names of the S3 bucket and the Athena workgroup for easy access and reference.

    When you run this Pulumi program, it will deploy the resources needed for a decoupled data querying setup using AWS Athena. Note that we haven't defined Athena tables here because it highly depends on the structure of your data. You would typically define Athena tables using the AWS Athena NamedQuery resource and providing SQL DDL statements that specify the schema of your data in S3.

    Remember to replace pulumi.Provider with the actual provider for Athena and S3 if you're using a provider other than the default AWS provider.