1. Real-time Inference Caching for ML Models with Elasticache


    To set up real-time inference caching for machine learning models using Amazon ElastiCache, you would typically use a caching layer like Redis or Memcached, which are supported by ElastiCache, to store the results of your model's inference. The idea is that when an inference request is made, the cache is first checked to see if the result is already stored. If it is, the cached result is returned, avoiding the need to run the inference again. If the result is not in the cache, the inference is performed, and the result is added to the cache for future requests.

    For this scenario, we'll use Redis, which is a popular choice for a high-performance in-memory data store that supports complex data structures such as sorted sets and lists, making it suitable for real-time applications.

    In Pulumi, we'll create an ElastiCache Redis cluster using the aws.elasticache.Cluster resource. This resource allows us to provision and manage an ElastiCache Redis cache in AWS. We'll also use other resources like aws.elasticache.ParameterGroup and aws.elasticache.SubnetGroup to configure our Redis cluster.

    Please note that to follow AWS best practices, you'll need to provision resources like VPC, subnets, and security groups which aren't covered in detail here. Below is an example of how you can use Pulumi to create a Redis cluster within an existing VPC and subnet setup.

    import pulumi import pulumi_aws as aws # Pre-assumptions: # - There's an existing VPC and a set of subnets where your cache would reside. # - Security groups are properly configured to allow access to the cache nodes as required. # Replace the placeholder values with your actual VPC and subnet IDs. vpc_id = 'vpc-12345678' subnet_ids = ['subnet-12345678', 'subnet-87654321'] # List of subnets for the ElastiCache Subnet Group redis_security_group_id = 'sg-12345678' # Create an ElastiCache Subnet Group: # This groups together subnets where your cache nodes can exist. cache_subnet_group = aws.elasticache.SubnetGroup('my-cache-subnet-group', subnet_ids=subnet_ids, description="My cache subnet group" ) # Create a Redis Parameter Group to configure Redis specific settings: # You can customize these options as per your requirements. parameter_group = aws.elasticache.ParameterGroup('my-redis-parameters', family='redis6.x', # Make sure this is compatible with the redis version you plan to use description="My Redis parameter group", parameters=[ {"name": "maxmemory-policy", "value": "allkeys-lru"} ] ) # Finally, create an ElastiCache Redis Cluster: redis_cluster = aws.elasticache.Cluster('my-redis-cluster', cluster_id='my-redis-cluster', # Unique identifier for the cluster engine='redis', # Specify 'redis' for Redis Cluster node_type='cache.m5.large', # Specify your desired node instance type num_cache_nodes=1, # Number of cache nodes in the cluster parameter_group_name=parameter_group.name, # Attach the parameter group created above subnet_group_name=cache_subnet_group.name, # Attach the subnet group created above security_group_ids=[redis_security_group_id], # Attach the security group engine_version='6.x', # Specify your desired Redis version port=6379, # Default Redis port snapshot_retention_limit=7, # Number of days for which ElastiCache will retain automatic snapshots apply_immediately=True # Whether any modifications are applied immediately, or during the next maintenance window ) # The following export statement provides the endpoint address of the Redis cluster that can be used by your applications. pulumi.export('redis_endpoint', redis_cluster.cache_nodes.apply(lambda nodes: nodes[0]["address"] if nodes else None))

    In this example, we created three resources:

    1. aws.elasticache.SubnetGroup: A subnet group is a collection of subnets (typically private) that you can designate for your clusters running in an Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (VPC) environment.

    2. aws.elasticache.ParameterGroup: A parameter group acts as a container for engine configuration values that can be applied to one or more clusters.

    3. aws.elasticache.Cluster: This is the actual Redis cluster resource where we define the number of nodes, node type, engine, version, and other critical settings.

    We also exported the endpoint of the Redis cluster, which is the address you'll use in your applications to connect to the Redis cache for storing or retrieving inference results.

    Keep in mind that this code doesn't include prerequisite setups like VPC creation, subnet setup, or security groups — you would need to have these configured beforehand to use the above Pulumi program effectively.