1. Isolating Data Preprocessing Workloads with Firewall Configurations


    To isolate data preprocessing workloads with firewall configurations, you will want to create network resources that segment your cloud environment and enforce boundaries around your resources. Essentially, you can achieve this by setting up a private network and using firewall rules to regulate traffic to and from your preprocessing servers or containers.

    Let's imagine you are using Google Cloud Platform (GCP) for your infrastructure. You would use a Virtual Private Cloud (VPC) to create an isolated network and firewall rules to control the traffic. We’ll define a GCP VPC network and a firewall that only allows certain types of traffic to reach our data preprocessing instances. This is critical to ensuring that only the necessary communication to and from these instances occurs, which is a common requirement for secure data processing environments.

    Here's a program written in Python using Pulumi that creates a VPC with a firewall rule that only allows incoming traffic on TCP port 22 (commonly used for SSH) and outbound traffic. This scenario is a baseline to demonstrate the concept, and you'd typically tailor firewall rules to the specific ports and IPs required by your application.

    import pulumi import pulumi_gcp as gcp # Create a Google Cloud VPC network for your data preprocessing workloads. # This network will provide a private and isolated environment. vpc_network = gcp.compute.Network( "data-preprocessing-vpc", auto_create_subnetworks=True, # Automatically create subnets within the VPC. ) # Create a firewall rule that allows incoming SSH traffic. # This rule implies that the instances can be accessed via SSH for management purposes. ssh_firewall_rule = gcp.compute.Firewall( "allow-ssh", network=vpc_network.self_link, allows=[gcp.compute.FirewallAllowArgs( protocol="tcp", # The protocol to allow. ports=["22"], # The list of ports (port 22 for SSH). )], source_ranges=[""], # CIDR block range. Use a more restrictive range in production. direction="INGRESS", # This rule applies to incoming traffic. ) # Create a firewall rule that allows outbound traffic to the internet. # This provides the instances the ability to reach out to the internet if needed (e.g., to download updates or packages). outbound_firewall_rule = gcp.compute.Firewall( "default-allow-outbound", network=vpc_network.self_link, allows=[gcp.compute.FirewallAllowArgs( protocol="all", # Allow all protocols. )], destination_ranges=[""], # CIDR block range for all outbound destinations. direction="EGRESS", # This rule applies to outgoing traffic. priority=65534, # A lower priority, since it is less restrictive and applies broadly. ) # Export the VPC network name and the firewall rules for reference. pulumi.export("vpc_network", vpc_network.self_link) pulumi.export("ssh_firewall_rule", ssh_firewall_rule.self_link) pulumi.export("outbound_firewall_rule", outbound_firewall_rule.self_link)

    In this program:

    • We create a new VPC called data-preprocessing-vpc to house our data preprocessing workloads. By setting auto_create_subnetworks to True, we instruct GCP to automatically create a subnet in each region.
    • We set up a firewall rule allow-ssh which will only permit traffic on TCP port 22 from any IP address (specified as This can be used for SSH into the instances for management purposes.
    • We implement a second firewall rule default-allow-outbound to allow all outbound traffic from the instances inside the VPC. This is useful for instances to make outbound connections to the internet, for example, to download software updates or dependencies.

    Please note that the source and destination ranges used in this example ( are not recommended for production because they allow traffic from and to any IP address. In a real-world scenario, you would restrict these to only allow traffic from known, secure sources or destinations.

    Finally, we export several important attributes of our network and firewall rules so that they can be easily queried with the pulumi stack output command or used in other parts of our Pulumi program.

    Remember that security best practices dictate that you give the least privilege necessary to perform a job. This means allowing only the traffic necessary for your workloads and no more. In practice, this would involve locking down source ranges and being specific about the allowed protocols and ports.