1. Kubernetes Cluster Health Dashboards with Grafana


    To set up a Kubernetes Cluster Health Dashboards with Grafana, you will need to follow these steps:

    1. Provision a managed Kubernetes cluster (e.g., EKS on AWS, GKE on GCP, or AKS on Azure).
    2. Deploy Grafana on the cluster.
    3. Configure Grafana with data sources and dashboards that monitor the health of your Kubernetes cluster.

    For this, you can use Pulumi to provision the cluster and deploy Grafana. Here, I'll show you how to do this using Pulumi's Python SDK, focusing on deploying Grafana via the Helm chart.

    Let's start with the Pulumi program, which will include the following main parts:

    • Setting up a provider for your chosen cloud and creating a Kubernetes cluster.
    • Using the pulumi_kubernetes library to deploy Grafana via a Helm Chart.
    • Exporting any important endpoints or access information.

    Below is an example of how to achieve this with AWS EKS and Helm. This is a complex task that assumes a working knowledge of Kubernetes, Helm, and AWS, but I'll guide you through the basics.

    import pulumi import pulumi_aws as aws import pulumi_kubernetes as k8s from pulumi_aws import eks from pulumi_kubernetes.helm.v3 import Chart, ChartOpts # Create an EKS cluster. eks_cluster = eks.Cluster("eks-cluster") # Use the EKS cluster as a Kubernetes provider for deploying resources. k8s_provider = k8s.Provider("k8s-provider", kubeconfig=eks_cluster.kubeconfig) # Deploy Grafana using a Helm Chart. # You will probably want to customize the values of the chart based on your specific needs. # For instance, which namespace to deploy to, which storage to use, configuring persistence, etc. grafana_chart = Chart( "grafana", ChartOpts( chart="grafana", version="6.14.1", fetch_opts=k8s.helm.v3.FetchOpts( repo="https://grafana.github.io/helm-charts" ), values={ "adminPassword": "EKS!sC00l", # Set a secure password here. "service": { "type": "LoadBalancer", }, }, ), opts=pulumi.ResourceOptions(provider=k8s_provider), ) # Export the Grafana endpoint to access the dashboard. grafana_service = grafana_chart.get_resource("v1/Service", "grafana-grafana") grafana_endpoint = pulumi.Output.all(grafana_service.status.apply(lambda s: s.load_balancer.ingress[0].hostname if s.load_balancer.ingress else None)) pulumi.export("grafana_endpoint", grafana_endpoint)

    In this script:

    • An AWS EKS Kubernetes cluster is provisioned using pulumi_aws.eks.Cluster.
    • A Pulumi Kubernetes provider is set up using the kubeconfig of the created EKS cluster.
    • The Grafana Helm chart is deployed into the cluster using pulumi_kubernetes.helm.v3.Chart.
    • We specify pulumi.ResourceOptions(provider=k8s_provider) to make sure that Helm chart resources are created in the EKS cluster context.
    • The Grafana admin password is set to "EKS!sC00l" in the deployed Helm chart—you'll need to change this to a secure password.
    • The Grafana service is configured as a LoadBalancer, which creates an AWS load balancer to allow external access to Grafana.
    • The endpoint (hostname of the load balancer) for Grafana is exported so you can access the Grafana dashboard.

    Remember to replace "EKS!sC00l" with a secure password before deploying this. You might also need to modify the chart values to adjust various Grafana configurations such as persistence, data sources, and dashboards.

    This Pulumi program should give you a solid starting point for creating a Kubernetes cluster and setting up health dashboards with Grafana. Once Grafana is up and running, you can then proceed to configure it by adding data sources, such as Prometheus for Kubernetes metrics, and import or create dashboards to visualize the cluster health.