1. Deploy the Wordpress helm chart on Digital Ocean Kubernetes Service


    To deploy a WordPress Helm chart on the DigitalOcean Kubernetes Service using Pulumi, we would take the following steps:

    1. Create a Kubernetes cluster on DigitalOcean.
    2. Install the Helm chart for WordPress within that Kubernetes cluster.

    Pulumi Program Explanation

    First, we need to create a new Kubernetes cluster in DigitalOcean. We will use the digitalocean.KubernetesCluster resource from the DigitalOcean Pulumi provider to create the cluster. Properties like region, version, and nodePool are specified to determine the location, Kubernetes version, and size/type of the worker nodes. You'll need to replace values like your-cluster-name and your-node-pool-name with appropriate values for your environment.

    After the cluster has been created, we need to ensure that we can manage resources in the cluster. To do this, we set up a provider instance with the kubeconfig that was outputted by the KubernetesCluster resource.

    Next, we'll deploy WordPress using the Helm chart. For that, we'll use the kubernetes.helm.sh/v3.Chart resource from the Kubernetes provider, which allows us to deploy a Helm chart into a Kubernetes cluster. We need to specify the chart name, which in this case is wordpress. Optionally, we might want to provide specific values to customize our WordPress installation.

    Now let's look at how we can express this with Pulumi and TypeScript:

    import * as pulumi from "@pulumi/pulumi"; import * as digitalocean from "@pulumi/digitalocean"; import * as kubernetes from "@pulumi/kubernetes"; // Step 1: Create a new DigitalOcean Kubernetes Service (DOKS) cluster const cluster = new digitalocean.KubernetesCluster("do-k8s-cluster", { region: "nyc3", // Replace with your desired region version: "1.21.5-do.0", // Replace with your desired Kubernetes version nodePool: { name: "default", // Replace with your desired node pool name size: "s-2vcpu-2gb", // Replace with your desired node size nodeCount: 2, // Number of nodes in the node pool }, }); // Step 2: Set up a Kubernetes provider instance using the kubeconfig from the newly created DOKS cluster const k8sProvider = new kubernetes.Provider("do-k8s-provider", { kubeconfig: cluster.kubeConfigs[0].rawConfig, }); // Step 3: Deploy WordPress using Helm Chart into the DOKS cluster const wordpressChart = new kubernetes.helm.v3.Chart("wordpress-chart", { chart: "wordpress", // Helm chart name version: "9.0.3", // Specify the version of the Chart, if required // If you need to customize WordPress deployment, specify your custom values here values: { // For example, you can specify resources for the WordPress pod wordpress: { resources: { requests: { memory: "512Mi", cpu: "300m", }, }, }, }, }, { provider: k8sProvider }); // Associate with our k8s provider to deploy into our DOKS cluster // Export the cluster kubeconfig and WordPress service endpoint export const kubeconfig = cluster.kubeConfigs[0].rawConfig; export const wordpressEndpoint = wordpressChart.getResourceProperty("v1/Service", "wordpress", "status").apply(status => status.loadBalancer.ingress[0].ip);

    In the above program:

    • We define a DigitalOcean Kubernetes cluster (digitalocean.KubernetesCluster) with the desired settings. After creation, the cluster will output a kubeconfig file, which can be used to interact with the cluster via the Kubernetes API.
    • We then create a Kubernetes provider instance (kubernetes.Provider) using the kubeconfig from the DigitalOcean Kubernetes cluster. This provider is used to manage Kubernetes resources in the cluster.
    • Finally, we deploy WordPress using a Helm Chart (kubernetes.helm.v3.Chart) with the help of the Kubernetes provider instance we just defined. The properties section under the wordpressChart declaration can be modified to provide custom configurations for the WordPress installation.
    • The kubeconfig of the cluster and the external IP address of the WordPress service are exported. The kubeconfig allows you to interact with your Kubernetes cluster using tools like kubectl, and the WordPress endpoint is the external URL through which you can access your WordPress site.

    Remember to replace placeholder values like your-cluster-name and your-node-pool-name with appropriate values for your setup. The version of the WordPress chart is specified, but you can leave that out to get the latest version, or replace it with any version you require.