1. Deploy the kix helm chart on Azure Kubernetes Service (AKS)


    Deploying a Helm chart on an Azure Kubernetes Service (AKS) cluster requires several steps:

    1. Provisioning an AKS Cluster: We need to create an AKS cluster to deploy the Helm chart to. With Pulumi, we utilize the AKS-related resources in the azure-native package for that.

    2. Installing Helm and Tiller: Helm is the package manager for Kubernetes, which streamlines installing and managing Kubernetes applications. Tiller is the server-side component of Helm; however, since Helm v3, Tiller is not required.

    3. Deploying the Helm Chart: After setting up the Kubernetes cluster and Helm, we can deploy your Helm chart. Pulumi has a resource type called Chart from the kubernetes package that represents a Helm chart for easy deployment.

    Now, let's see a Pulumi program that performs these steps using TypeScript.

    import * as azure from "@pulumi/azure-native"; import * as k8s from "@pulumi/kubernetes"; // Step 1: Create an AKS cluster using Pulumi's azure-native package const aksCluster = new azure.containerservice.ManagedCluster("kixAksCluster", { // Change these values to the appropriate values for your environment. resourceGroupName: "myResourceGroup", location: "East US", agentPoolProfiles: [{ name: "agentpool", count: 1, vmSize: azure.containerservice.VMSizeTypes.Standard_D2_v2, }], dnsPrefix: "kixAksCluster", }); // Export the kubeconfig for the AKS cluster export const kubeconfig = aksCluster.kubeConfigRaw; // Step 2: Helm and Tiller are not required to be installed separately for Helm v3 // Step 3: Deploy the Helm chart to the AKS cluster const kixHelmChart = new k8s.helm.v3.Chart("kixChart", { // You need to specify the repo and chart names where your Helm chart is located. // For illustration, we're going to use a generic repository and chart name, but you'll need to change these to match your own. repo: "myhelmrepo", // Replace with your Helm repository name chart: "kix", // Replace with your Helm chart name // Add any required values for your Helm chart here values: { serviceType: "LoadBalancer", // Additional values as needed }, }, { provider: k8sProvider }); // Creating a provider with the kubeconfig from the generated AKS cluster const k8sProvider = new k8s.Provider("k8sProvider", { kubeconfig: aksCluster.kubeConfigRaw, }); // Optional: Export a URL or other output properties from a resource within the Helm chart export const myAppUrl = kixHelmChart.getResourceProperty("v1/Service", "my-app-service", "status").apply(status => status.loadBalancer.ingress[0].ip);

    In the code above:

    • We create an AKS cluster with a single node pool using the azure-native.containerservice.ManagedCluster resource.

    • We omit the explicit installation of Helm v3 and Tiller since it's not required (from Helm 3 onwards, Tiller isn't used anymore).

    • We deploy a generic Helm chart, here named "kix", to AKS using the k8s.helm.v3.Chart resource. You will need to replace "myhelmrepo" and "kix" with your Helm repository and chart name.

    • We define a k8s.Provider which takes the kubeconfig from the AKS cluster we provisioned earlier. This provider is then used to create the Helm chart in the AKS cluster context.

    • At the end of the program, we export the kubeconfig necessary to interact with the Kubernetes cluster, and optionally, a public IP address or DNS name for an application service defined in the Helm chart, if available.

    Make sure that you replace placeholders with actual values suitable for your situation (e.g., the resource group name myResourceGroup, Helm chart repository myhelmrepo, etc.).

    Please ensure you have the Pulumi CLI installed and configured with Azure credentials. Once ready, you can save this TypeScript code to a file (e.g., index.ts), run pulumi up to preview and deploy the resources. Pulumi will handle creating the AKS cluster and deploying the specified Helm chart.