1. Real-Time Data Transformation Using AWS Lambda Layers


    If you're looking to perform data transformation in real-time on AWS, you can use AWS Lambda Layers to create a layer of common code that can be reused across multiple Lambda functions. This is highly beneficial when you have common dependencies or libraries that you want to share across Lambda functions.

    AWS Lambda Layers allow you to manage your function's dependencies separately. A layer is a ZIP archive that contains libraries, a custom runtime, or other dependencies. You can use layers to keep your deployment package size small, which makes development easier.

    Here's a program that deploys a Lambda Layer, creates a Lambda function, and then associates that layer with the function. The Lambda function can be triggered by other AWS services like Amazon S3, Kinesis, or API Gateway for real-time data processing.

    For this example, let's assume you have a common library or set of dependencies that you want to use across multiple Lambda functions for data transformation tasks. You'll package this code as a Lambda Layer and then deploy a Lambda function that uses this layer.

    import pulumi import pulumi_aws as aws # Create a new Lambda layer for the common dependencies lambda_layer = aws.lambda_.LayerVersion("my_lambda_layer", layer_name="MyLayer", # The name of the layer code=pulumi.FileArchive("./layer"), # The path to your layer code compatible_runtimes=["python3.8"], # Compatible runtimes for the layer description="My shared dependencies for data transformations", license_info="MIT" # Assuming your code is licensed under MIT ) # Now, let's create a Lambda function which uses the created layer. lambda_role = aws.iam.Role("lambda-role", assume_role_policy="""{ "Version": "2012-10-17", "Statement": [{ "Action": "sts:AssumeRole", "Effect": "Allow", "Principal": { "Service": "lambda.amazonaws.com" } }] }""" ) lambda_function = aws.lambda_.Function("my_lambda_function", name="DataTransformationFunction", # The name of the Lambda function runtime=aws.lambda_.Python3d8Runtime, # The runtime for the function code=pulumi.AssetArchive({ ".": pulumi.FileArchive("./code") # The path to your Lambda function code }), handler="index.handler", # The function handler, 'file_name.method' role=lambda_role.arn, # The IAM role with the execution policy layers=[lambda_layer.arn] # Associate the Lambda layer with the function ) # Export the Lambda function name and the Lambda Layer ARN so that they can be easily retrieved. pulumi.export('lambda_function_name', lambda_function.name) pulumi.export('lambda_layer_arn', lambda_layer.arn)

    In the example above, we start by creating an AWS Lambda Layer that includes the common dependencies or the shared code. The pulumi.FileArchive("./layer") is the path to the directory containing your layer's content. Next, we create an IAM Role that grants the necessary permissions for the Lambda function to run.

    Then, we define the Lambda function with the aws.lambda_.Function class and specify the previously created Lambda layer in the layers argument. The handler is the entry point to your Lambda function, which in the example above is assumed to be the handler method in the index.py file.

    Lastly, we export the Lambda function name and the Lambda Layer ARN as outputs so that we can easily reference them outside of Pulumi if we need to.

    Remember to replace "./layer" with the actual path to your layer code and "./code" with the path to your Lambda function's code. The IAM Role's policy may also need to be updated depending on the specific use case and the AWS services that invoke the Lambda function.